Guidelines to the use of wild birds in research

Now available: the 4th edition of the Guidelines in English.

The 4th edition incorporates text from the 3rd edition (published in 2010) with lists of new references published since that edition’s release.

Suggested citation

Fair, J., E. Paul, J. Jones and L. Bies, Eds. 2023. Guidelines to the Use of Wild Birds in Research. Washington, D.C. Ornithological Council.

Also available, the 3rd edition in  Español.

Questions and comments

We welcome your comments. Suggestions for substantive changes will be reviewed and, if accepted, incorporated into the Guidelines. Questions are welcome, but we can not guarantee that someone will be available to reply. Send comments to

© 1997, 1999, 2010, 2023 by The Ornithological Council